十大靠谱网投平台

捐赠 捐赠

历史 & 遗产

当时,数百万美国人排队买汤,政客们集中精力振兴经济萧条的社区, the idea of restoring depleted populations of ducks and other wild animals seemed far-fetched, 退一步说. But that is exactly what Pulitzer Prize-winning political cartoonist J.N. “Ding” Darling set out to do in 1936 when he arranged a meeting in Washington, D.C., to discuss the plight of the nation’s wildlife.

在会议上, 达林敦促来自全国各地和各行各业的自然资源保护主义者团结起来,组成一个可以影响立法者的团体. 从这个会议, 一个新的组织出现了,为保护该国的野生遗产发声:十大靠谱网投平台.

美国保护的根

印有NWF邮票的FDRTo understand the 国家野生动物联盟’s beginning, it's important to first take a look back at the roots of conservation 在 United States. 美国的野生动物保护建立在野生动物属于人类这一信念的基础上——这一概念通常被称为公共信托原则或北美野生动物保护模式.

公共信托原则在1842年最高法院马丁诉马丁案中正式确立. Wadell. 一个私人地主, Martin claimed to own both the land alongside and underneath New Jersey’s Raritan River, tracing his title to a grant from King Charles to the Duke of York in 1664, 这是什么意思, “所有的土地, 岛屿, 土壤, 河流, 港口, 矿山, 矿物质, 采石场, 森林, 沼泽, 水域, 湖泊, 钓鱼, 霍金斯, 和捕鸟." Martin claimed that an oystermen, Wadell, owed him for the taking of oysters. 在他的统治, 首席大法官罗杰·托尼说道, "[w]hen the people of New Jersey took possession of the reins of government, and took into their own hands the powers of sovereignty, the prerogatives and regalities which before belonged to either the crown or the parliament, became immediately and rightly vested 在 state."

Wildlife now belonged to the people, but conservation was not yet part of America’s fabric. 19世纪后期,紧随工业革命之后,市场屠杀野牛, 水禽, 和其他野生动物开始大量捕杀美国的野生动物,以支持不断增长的劳动力和城市需求. 在回应, 从纽约到蒙大拿州,热心的猎人和垂钓者推动了美国第一部游戏法, restricting the numbers and methods of take for wildlife. With laws established to sustain healthy wildlife populations, 具有保护意识的领导人开始挑战美国人看待野生动物的价值观.

After the assassination of President McKinley in 1901, 伟大的猎人和户外运动爱好者西奥多·罗斯福入主白宫,登上了天字一号讲坛. 罗斯福的保护伦理是在西行南达科他州和蒙大拿州时,通过猎人的眼睛形成的. Before he ended his term as president in 1909, 他为美国提供了2.3亿英亩的自然保护区,用于保护野生动物——大约84英亩,000 acres for every day he was in office. With Americans and legislators beginning to embrace the concepts of conservation as a core, 基本价值, 第一个国家野生动物保护区, 国家森林, 国家纪念碑, 此外,还建立了游戏保护区.

西奥多·罗斯福(的odore Roosevelt)在世纪之交担任总统期间,激发了整个国家的环保意识, but it didn't take long for his ideals to slip. 到1930年代, ill-advised farming practices encouraged by the federal government led to the Dust Bowl. 艾奥瓦州的漫画家丁·达林开始设想后来的国家野生动物联盟.

一个漫画家的愿景

In the early 1900s, there was no nationwide constituency to support conservation. Many people cared about wildlife conservation, but nobody was organized in any fashion to advocate for or influence policy decisions. In the words of Darling, "Wildlife doesn't vote and neither do conservationists."

Darling proclaimed, "It is hard to start a fire with one stick of wood!" He valued the importance of multiple stakeholder participation and accepting the attitudes, 值, 以及许多群体的信仰. Darling dreamed of a federation promoting conservation interests, 鼓励社会多样性, 并要求国会采取行动. 他的梦想在1936年成为现实,当时他说服富兰克林·罗斯福总统召开了两次以上的会议,000年conservationists-including农民, 猎人, 垂钓者, 花园俱乐部成员, 和其他户外爱好者——从全国各地到在华盛顿五月花酒店举行的第一届北美野生动物会议, D.C. 在那里,综合野生动物联合会(两年后更名为十大靠谱网投平台)成立了,其宗旨是团结运动员和所有户外和野生动物爱好者,共同实现保护野生动物的目标, and Ding Darling became the first president of the organization. 达林团结环保主义者声音的愿景仍在继续,因为十大靠谱网投平台(国家野生动物联盟)要为许多野生动物的灭绝负责 法律和政策 在国家层面.

第一次会议是如此的成功,激励和激励与会者回到家乡,在他们的每个州组织联盟. 这些 子公司 became the backbone of 国家野生动物联盟 and today work closely alongside us, 为组织提供治理,以及实现十大正规体育平台共同的保护目标所需的愿景和基层.

这是十大正规体育平台最具代表性的传统之一, 每年,来自全国各地的分支机构和工作人员都会聚集在一起参加十大靠谱网投平台的年会. This gathering is a time of collaboration and unity, 在此期间,附属机构和工作人员共同决定政策决议,以指导十大正规体育平台正在进行的保护工作. 要查看这些通过的政策决议的档案,请访问十大靠谱网投平台的 联盟伙伴关系中心.

保护野生动物邮票

海龟邮票Ding Darling saw the impacts from the Dust Bowl firsthand as an avid 水禽 hunter, and he began letting people know about it. His cartoons and conservation ethic caught the attention of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who appointed him the head of the U.S. Biological Survey in 1934 (the forerunner to the U.S. 鱼 & 野生动物服务). Aldo Leopold had just published his classic text, 游戏管理, 达林在使该服务成为实施鱼类和野生动物科学管理实践的专业机构方面发挥了重要作用.

达林被要求领导开发和创作新的联邦鸭子邮票. 这张邮票, originally the federal license required for hunting migratory 水禽, 早期的一个例子是猎人和非猎人通过艺术家的作品联合起来成为自然资源保护者吗.

NWF邮票表Since Darling illustrated the first duck stamp, the program has generated more than $750 million to purchase and lease over 5.3 million acres of wetland habitats 在 United States. Most of these lands are now protected 在 U.S. 鱼 & Wildlife Service's National Wildlife Refuge System. 的 联邦鸭邮票 至今仍是水禽管理和所有水禽猎人购买的主要收入来源.

Darling resigned from his post with the Biological Survey in November 1935, 他想把时间花在1936年的会议上,那次会议最终建立了十大靠谱网投平台. 但他并没有放弃邮票. 对达林建立一个联合野生动物联盟的愿景的热情很快遇到了资金的需求. One suggestion urged the federation to create stamps depicting wildlife. 达林欣然接受了这个想法,并在1938年为第一版保护邮票创作了16幅图像. 这个项目一开始就不顺利, but became one of the 国家野生动物联盟’s signature 产品. By the time the final sheet was issued in 1987, more than a thousand species had been represented and millions of dollars raised for wildlife.

野生动物艺术是十大靠谱网投平台在野生动物和对保护它们感兴趣的人之间建立桥梁的工具. 它从邮票开始, 但打印, 杂志, 书, and other 产品 incorporating wildlife imagery eventually followed. In 1959, the 国家野生动物联盟’s friendly cartoon character Ranger Rick was born from the creative imagination of executive J.A. “灰”Brownridge, 激发了一长串的儿童产品和体验,继续激发对自然的兴趣和热情.

Today the 国家野生动物联盟 recognizes conservation heroes, 包括丁达林, 在 文物保护名人堂. Because of the groundbreaking efforts made by Darling and others in 1936, 十大靠谱网投平台将继续以保护野生动物为十大正规体育平台孩子的未来的共同目标团结美国人, and continues to be the nation’s leading advocate for wildlife and wild places.

 

来看看一些自十大靠谱网投平台成立以来,帮助推动保护工作向前发展的著名面孔.

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超过三分之一的美国人.S. fish and wildlife species are at risk of extinction 在 coming decades. We're on the ground in seven regions across the country, 与52个州和地区附属机构合作,扭转危机,确保野生动物茁壮成长.

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